Ovarian cysts are sacs of fluid developed on a woman’s reproductive organs. Some cysts are not harmful and some are, they can threaten your health and you may not show any symptoms. Getting regular pelvic exams is important to treating and preventing them. Cysts are quite common in woman especially during menstruation, and may vary on what type of cyst you might get. During a woman menstruation it is common for her to develop a small, fluid or egg filled cysts in and around the ovaries. As her cycle progresses, these sacs break, releasing eggs into the fallopian tube. A cyst is a collection of fluid surrounded by a thin wall. There are many types of cysts some range in different sizes, like a size of a pea or a grapefruit..
Ovarian cysts can develop for a number of reasons and range from being completely harmless to life threatening. Here is an outline of the various types of ovarian cysts:
Cystadenomas: cysts that develop on the outside of the ovary, causing pain if they are particularly large
Dermoid cysts: cysts that can also grow hair, teeth and a variety of other tissues, causing pain if they are particularly large.
Functional cysts: cysts filled with eggs that develop during menstruation and disappear once the eggs are released
Endometriomas: cysts that grow in or outside of the uterus, causing pain if they are particularly large
Polycystic ovaries: cysts filled with eggs that aren’t released and, instead, continue to grow.
The symptoms of Ovarian Cysts Are:
achiness in the in the back (especially the lower back) and upper legs
Irregular menstrual cycles
Nausea and/or vomiting
Pressure and/or pain in the abdomen
Pressure and/or pain on the bladder and/or rectum
problems passing urine
In more serious cases when the ovarian cysts are particularly harmful to your health, symptoms include:
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Severe abdominal pain
Shortness of breath or rapid breathing